Penang and Malacca
Let’s dive a bit deeper into Malaysian history. The Portuguese first occupied the city of Malacca but were later taken over by the Dutch during the VOC (1641). The Dutch soon moved to Indonesia when they discovered the spice trade. Meanwhile, the English settled on the island of Penang and later (1795) also took over Malacca. Not only spices and herbs were transported from Malaysia to the west, but also tin!
The Federal States of Malaysia was founded in 1948 and consists of 11 states, nine Malaysian, and two British settlements Penang and Malacca. Now Malaysia consists of 13 states and three federal territories. These three, Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, and Labuan have the same status as the states but do not have separate heads of state. Back in the 1940s, in the meantime, the Malayan Emergency has broken out. This period of fighting between communist guerrillas and British Commonwealth troops lasts for 12 years. The Malayans tried to overthrow the British colonial administration which eventually cost the lives of more than 10,000 people. In 1957 the English gave up their sovereignty, and on September 16, 1963, the new federation was founded under the name Malaysia.